In Small Island, Andrea Levy examines what happened when volunteers from Jamaica came to England to fight for the British military during World War II and then stayed. She tells the story from the points of view of Queenie, the English wife of Bernard, her Jamaican tenant Gilbert, his new wife Hortense, and Bernard. The narrative moves back and forth in time from before the war to after, and from Jamaica to England to India, where Bernard was stationed.
The varying voices allowed Levy to pull in several different threads, but the central theme of the book is race relations in the 1940s in England. Until WWII, many English people in England had never seen or interacted with black people. Levy is a bit ham-fisted in her portrayal of American soldiers and their segregated ranks, but the contrast with the English is interesting. While the Americans were blatant with their discriminatory Jim Crow rules, the English prided themselves on how the British Empire supposedly led to racial tolerance.
Levy shows that this tolerance was more theory than fact. As black soldiers returned to England as black immigrants, they were treated as unwelcomed foreigners, despite being British citizens. Neighbors resent Queenie renting rooms to Gilbert and Hortense. Although Gilbert planned to go to law school, he is relegated to driving a truck. And college-educated Hortense is told that she will never be qualified to teach in London. Levy makes her point with subtly and humor as Gilbert and Hortense learn to find their way in England and in their marriage.
Levy skillfully weaves the small island theme throughout the novel. Geographically, Jamaica is a small island, but Levy makes it clear that limited ideas about culture, race, marriage, and opportunities made England just as small.
OTHER REVIEWS(If you would liek your review of this book listed here, please leave a comment with a link to your post and I will add it.)
Small Island won both the Orange Prize and the Costa (Whitbread) Book of the Year Award. My book club read it and it was a enjoyed by all. It counts as my Orange Prize choice for the Book Award Challenge. It would also count for the Typically British Challenge if I had not already read more than my quota for that one.
I didn't know Jamaicans went to fight for England! I love learning new things, and finding great new reads. Thanks!ReplyDelete
I had a young uncle in the Caribbean who enrolled in the RAF during WWII, was posted in England, married and had a family there, and then moved to Canada. Small world, that Small Island. Must read the book.ReplyDelete
Great review of a book that's interesting on many levels. I've recommended it a couple of times. I recall it used a real touch of island sunshine to deal with very serious topics.ReplyDelete
Wonderful review! This book has been on my TBR for awhile now. You review makes me want to read it even more now.ReplyDelete
Michele -- I didn't know about the whole Jamaicans in WWI thing either. it was very interesting.ReplyDelete
BBD -- You would definitely find this book very interesting with that family history running in the background.
JG -- It does have a lot of levels. I realize that my review didn't even get into the husband/wife issues that were so interesting.
Teddy -- Thanks for stopping by! I hope you enjoy the book. Everyone I know who read it liked it.
This is on my TBR and I will get to it shortly. I listened to an interview with the author on a BBC podcast and she completely intrigued me. She did readings from the book in different voices for each character - it was great!ReplyDelete